Portal for Historical Statistics

Historicalstatistics.org is a portal for historical statistics, with the main focus on macroeconomic data on Sweden in the 19th and 20th centuries. Series are presented, for example, on GDP, inflation, employment, interest rates, exchange rates, population, money supply, capital stocks, worked hours, wages, profit rates and business cycle indicators.

Below are also links to both Swedish and international data on historical statistics.

This is an English version, although it contains less information than the Swedish version of this portal. For the Swedish version, go to www.historia.se. The English version can be reached at www.historicalstatistics.org.

The portal has received research support from Stockholm University (Department of Economic History) for cooperation with the surrounding society. The editor and webbmaster of the portal is Rodney Edvinsson, PhD in Economic History, Stockholm University. For more information, email to historia@historia.se.

Some of the data files below are presented as excel files. On some computers it could be requested to type a password, etc. No password is, however, necessary. Click on one of the buttons and the excel file should be uploaded.


Data files (Sweden):

Historical national accounts for Sweden 1800-2000 (excel file)
Includes data series of GDP, value added, investment, consumption, foreign trade, stocks of produced assets and consumption of produced assets for the period 1800-2000; employment, wages, labour income of self-employed and gross surplus for the period 1850-2000; and hours worked for the period 1950-2000. Data collected by Rodney Edvinsson.

Gross output, gross value added and intermediate consumption in 9 manufacturing branches in current prices in Sweden 1800-2000 (excel file)

Gross output, gross value added and intermediate consumption in agriculture, forestry and fishing in current prices in Sweden 1800-2000 (excel file)

The population in Sweden within present borders 4000 BC-2004 AD (html-file)

A business cycle chronology for Sweden (html-file)

Annual GDP growth in Sweden 1720-2000 (html-file)

GDP per capita in Sweden 1720-2000 in the reference prices of year 2000 (html-file)

The ratio of import and export to GDP in Sweden 1800-2000 (html-file)

1 Swedish crown in 1800-2000 in the value of the Swedish crown of year 2000 (html-file)

A price index for Sweden 1800-2000 (1900=100) (html-file)

The ratio of self-employed to all employed in Sweden in 1850-2000 (html-file)

The share of manufacturing in total employment in Sweden in 1850-2000 (html-file)

The net stock of buildings in Sweden in 1800-2001 in the reference prices of year 2000 (html-file)

The profit rate in Swedish manufacturing in 1850-2000 (html-file)

The British pound in Swedish crowns/riksdalers in 1858-2005 (annual average) (html-file)

The US dollar in Swedish crowns/riksdalers in 1858-2005 (annual average) (html-file)

Money supply (M3), income velocity of money, GDP and price index for Sweden 1965-2004 (html-file)

The Swedish Riksbank discount rate in 1856-2002 och reference rate in 2002-2004 (html-file)


Links to international data

Agricultural History Center

AHDS History
AHDS History collects, preserves and promotes the use of digital resources. Access is free but requires registration.

Bureau of Economic Analysis
Presents historical series mainly of GDP, balance of payment, prices, profit and fixed assets for USA, but also for other countries.

Current World Population (Ibiblio)

Danish Price History

Danish Economic History

Data hub "Heights and Biological Standard of Living"
The International Economic History Association has taken the initiative to set up a network of scholars working with data on heights and the biological standard of living and establish a moderated list of datafiles of historical heights.

Digital South Asia Library

Dutch National Accounts 1800-1913

EH.net (European Economic History Services)
Supported by Economic History Association, and contains economic-historical data for various countries, mainly Britain and USA, for example gold prices 1257-2001, global financial data 1880-1913, interest rates in USA and UK 1790-2001, the purchasing power of the British pound 1264-2004, the purchasing power of the US dollar 1665-2003, and the exchange rate between dollar and pound 1791-2004.

European Central Bank (Statistics)

European State Finance Database
An international project that publishes data on European state finances (including interest rates) from the Middle Ages to the present.


FXConverter - 164 Currency Converter
Presents daily exchange rates from 1990 onwards.

Global Financial Data
Presents historical financial data (eg exchange rates, stock prices and interest rates) for over 200 countries, some of the series back to the 17th century. The data is not free, and a personal subscription costs 8000 dollars. However, the description of the sources is free.

Global Price and Income History Group
Publishes historical data on prices and incomes for the period before 1950, for example, prices in Wroclaw 1507-1618, Copenhagen 1712-1800, Chile 1631-1830, Sydney 1850-1983 and Sweden 1732-1874.

Groningen Growth and Development Centre (Data Series)
Very informative data site presenting Dutch historical statistics, but also international data.

Historical Census Browser (University of Virginia Library)
Presents data on American census from 1790 to 1960.

Historical Estimates of World Population
The World Population from 10000 BC to 1950 AD according to different estimates.

Historical Monetary Statistics (Norges bank)
Presents historical monetary statistics for Norway, for example, a consumer price index (back to 1516), house prices, GDP, money supply, interest rates, exchange rates and a stock exchange index.

Historical Sample of the Netherlands
Offers a representative sample of about 80000 people born in the Netherlands during the period 1812-1922.

Historical Statistics of Canada

Historical Statistics of Japan

Historical Statistics of the United States

HNAG Database of Irish Historical Statistics

Human Life Table Database

Human Mortality Database

IMF - World Economic Outlook Databases

International Institute of Social History (Prices and Wages)
Presents historical data on prices and wages for a number of countries, for example, wheat prices in Babylonia 385 BC - 61 BC, wheat prices in Tuscany 1260-1860, prices and wages in Istanbul 1469-1914, and prices and wages in Stockholm 1539-1620.

IPUMS (Integrated Public Use Microdata Series, University of Minnesota)
Presents data on American censuses from 1850 to 1990.

IPUMS (Integrated Public Use Microdata Series) International
The international counterpart to IPUMS. Presents population census data for a number of countries. Free, but requires registration..

Laborsta internet (International Labour Office database on labour statistics)
The database of International Labour Office (ILO). Presents data on unemployment, employment, worked hours, wages, consumer price indices, work accidents, strikes and lockout from the late 1960s to the present.

MEMBD - Medieval and Early Modern Databank
The ambition of this site is to cover the whole period 800-1815 AD. Presents historical data on prices and exchange rates.

National Agricultural Statistics Service (Historical Data)
Presents agricultural statistics on USA and Puerto Rico.

NBER - Macroeconomic Database

OECD publishes statistical data on the OECD countries. However, most data series don't cover the period before 1970.

Oxford Latin American Historical Database
Contains statistical series for a wide range of social and economic indicators for a number of Latin American countries, covering the period 1900-2000.

Pacific Exchange Rate Service
Presents exchange rates from 1948 onwards.

Penn World Tables
Presents data on population, GDP, GDP per capita, price levels, investment shares, consumption shares and savings for 168 countries covering the period 1950-2000. No data is presented for the period before 1950.

PD Dr. Oliver Volckarten homepage
Presents data on exchange rates, silver prices and monatetary standards in a number of European places in the 14th to 16th centuries.

Political Database of the Americas
Historical data, eg on elections, in Americas.

Richard Unger (University of British Columbia) - Medieval and Early Economic History
Presents data on grain prices (click here) for the period 1260-1914 and beer prices (klick here) from the 14th to the 19th centuries.

Scottish Historical Database, 1550-1780

State and Handicrafts in Peking, 1700-1900

Statistical Yearbooks of the League of Nations
This page contains the Yearbook of the League of Nations 1926-1944.

Steel statistic archive (worldsteel.org)
Presents monthly data on steel production in various countries from 1980 onwards.

The Dynamics of Socio-Economic Development (tables)

The Marteau Early 18th-Century Currency Converter
Converts the currency of one country to the currency of another country for the early 18th century.

The United Provinces, 1579-1806

Time Series Data Library
This site presents over 800 times series covering different areas, eg population, production, crime, sales and tree rings.

United Nations (Statistical Databases)
Presents various data for countries of the world from the 1960s onwards.

USITC (United States International Trade Commission) Interactive Tariff and Trade DataWeb
Provides international trade statistics and U.S. tariff data for years 1989- present.

Various Data of Asian Historical Statistics Project
Historical data on Korea, China, Taiwan, Vietnam and Cambodia.

Wages, Prices & Living Standards: The World Historical Perspective
Presents data on silver wages, real wages and consumer price indices in various European cities covering the period 1260-1913.

World Bank (Quick query)
Very informative database. For the period 1960 onwards, you can get data for the countries of the world on, for example, interest rates, the number of tractors, arms export, cereal production, CO2 emissions, crime, electricity production, export, GDP, interest rates, literacy, mortality rate, patent applications, school enrollment, taxes and unemployment. It is also possible to get aggregated data for the world as a whole.

World GDP and population 1000000 BC-2000 AD (Kremer data)

World Population, GDP and Per Capita GDP, 1-2001 AD (Angus Maddison)
Contains economic data on population, GDP and GDP per capita for a number of countries from 1 to 2001 AD. However, Maddison's figures on Swedish GDP and GDP per capita for the period prior to the First World War are based on series that are outdated and have been shown to give exaggerated figures of the GDP per capita in Sweden during the 19th century.

Yahoo Finance
Presents historical stock prices from 1960s onwards. This is a link to the price of General Electric Co. To get other stock prices you need the ticker symbol, which is available here.


Links to links to international data

Central bank websites
Links to central banks of the world.

Current Value of Old Money

Data on the Net


Financial Data Finder

Global Edge - Statistical Data Sources

Historical Statistics - Research Guide

International Institute of Social History (Prices and Wages)

Macroeconomic Time Series Data Source Locator
A very useful interactive resource. Write period (from 1688 onwards), region and type of time series (eg national accounts, interest rates, employment/unemployment, money supply, population or exchange rates) and get literature or web site where this of information is available.

OFFSTATS - Official Statistics on the Web

Statistics Sweden - Links to statistical sources around the world

Virtual Library Economic and Business History


Links to Swedish data:

Statistics Sweden


Lund University Macroeconomic and Demographic Database (LU - MADD)

SVAR - The National Archives


New literature in English on historical statistics of Sweden:

Larsson, S., 2005: Globalisation, inequality and Swedish catch up in the late nineteenth century. Williamson’s real wage comparisons under scrutiny. Göteborg Papers in Economic History, No. 2. Link: http://swopec.hhs.se/gunhis/abs/gunhis0002.htm (date of access 051111)

Josephson, C., 2005: Growth and business cycles: Swedish manufacturing industry 1952-2001. Doctoral thesis. Almqvist & Wiksell International; Stockholm.

Hortlund, P., 2005: Studies on Swedish banking 1870-2001. Doctoral thesis. Stockholm School of Economics, Stockholm. Link: http://web.hhs.se/efi/summary/680.htm (date of access 051010).

Fregert, K., och Gustafsson, R., 2005: Fiscal statistics for Sweden 1719-2003, Working Papers, Department of Economics, Lund University, No 2005:40. Link: http://swopec.hhs.se/lunewp/abs/lunewp2005_040.htm (date of access 051001).

Roine, J., och Waldenström, D., 2005: Top Incomes in Sweden over the Twentieth Century, SSE/EFI Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance, No 602. Link: http://swopec.hhs.se/hastef/abs/hastef0602.htm (date of access 050901).

Edvinsson, R., 2005: Annual Estimates of Swedish GDP in 1720-1800, Ratio Working Papers, No. 70. Link: http://swopec.hhs.se/ratioi/abs/ratioi0070.htm (date of access 050701).

Bohlin, J., 2005: Tariff protection in Sweden 1885–1914. Göteborg Papers in Economic History, No 1. Link: http://swopec.hhs.se/gunhis/abs/gunhis0001.htm (date of access 050601).

Edqvist, H., 2005: Do hedonic price indexes change history? The case of electrification. SSE/EFI Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance, No 586. http://swopec.hhs.se/hastef/abs/hastef0586.htm (date of access 050430).

Edvinsson, R., 2005: Growth, Accumulation, Crisis: With New Macroeconomic Data for Sweden 1800-2000. Doctoral thesis. Almqvist & Wiksell International; Stockholm. Link: http://www.diva-portal.org/su/theses/abstract.xsql?dbid=378 (date of access 050320).

Statistiska centralbyrån, 2005: Statistisk Årsbok för Sverige (Statistical Yearbook of Sweden). Link: http://www.scb.se/statistik/_publikationer/OV0904_1750I04_BR_A01SA0501.PDF (date of access 051105).



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